Electricity is the presence of an electrical charge. This is common knowledge, and even little kids know this fact. Although it is very dangerous as well, we all know that electricity is one of the most important parts of our day to day lives.

From powering up small and big appliances inside our homes to large equipment at work or in school, technology has indeed come a very long way when it comes to electricity, and all of us are benefiting from it.

However, there are several things about electricity that most of us are not aware of or are not interested in knowing. It is helpful to know these little things too since it can come in handy someday when we are faced with the danger of using electricity.

A spark of static electricity can already amount to three thousand volts

You think it is just a spark and more likely harmless? Think again. Static sparks can measure as much as three thousand volts and can definitely cause bodily harm and even death. So better stay away from things that can possibly lead to these sparks.

A single bolt of lightning during a thunderstorm can contain three million volts of electricity or more in just a few microseconds

With a flow of electricity this fast and this high, you can imagine how it could create severe damage to lives and properties. So, if you are thinking about flying a kite during a thunderstorm just like how Benjamin Franklin did, you may want to sit down and consider canceling it.

Electricity has only one goal: to reach the ground

During a thunderstorm, we can see lightning striking anywhere in the skies, and if the storm is too intense, it might strike a post or a tall tree. When this happens, electricity from lightning has only one goal and that is to reach the ground in the fastest possible time. The faster it reaches the ground, the lower the risk of it creating damage to things and people above the ground.

This is the reason why lightning arresters are installed on electrical power systems and telecommunications systems to provide a proper path to the electric charge coming from lightning, preventing damage to both properties and lives.

Animal poop can produce electricity

It sounds like a joke, but it is not. Studies conducted many years ago has established that animal poop can be turned to methane gas and produce electricity to power on a huge number of homes in a single year. This has been proven effective by several states in the United States, and they have benefited greatly in the use of these methane gas that converts to electricity.

The human heart needs electricity

The human heart needs the right amount of electricity in order to have the proper beating. This is actually measured by the ECG machines we see in the hospital. However, during accidental electrocution, excessive supply of electricity creates great damage to the heart and even causes death.

 

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Running a business can be quite challenging. As a business owner, you need to streamline marketing efforts in order to generate target sales each month. You also need to look into the cost of acquiring or manufacturing your products to ensure profitable margins.

Another way to increase earnings is to keep your operating expenses low. One of the most significant operating expenses a business spends on is electricity. Below are some ways you can save on electricity bills in your office.

 

Controlling the office room thermostat

Since most workers occupy the office rooms during the day, you can keep an ideal and comfortable room temperature during work hours. Right before the office is closed in the evening, the room thermostats should be turned down or up a few degrees, depending on the season.

Studies have shown that turning your room thermostat a few degrees higher during the winter season can save you an average of 3% on your electric bill. On the other hand, when you adjust your room thermostat a few degrees lower during summer can save you an average of 5% on your bill. In the morning, when workers start coming to the office, the room thermostats can be modified again to ideal temperatures for daytime.

Alternatively, you can replace your traditional room thermostats into setback types which automatically adjust the temperature in the evening and again during the day. However, that will require a professional to get the job done.

Shutting off computers when not in use

Computers are the mainstays in a lot of modern businesses, and they consume a significant amount of energy as they operate during the day. When you are not going to use your computer for more than an hour, it would be advisable to shut down your computer instead of leaving it on.

Screensavers and sleep mode actually use up electricity too. Additionally, when you leave the office to go home, make sure to turn your computer off. Don’t leave it turned on overnight. Doing this practice alone can save you a lot on your electricity bill.

If you are shopping for new computers for replacement, take into consideration units that have Energy Star features as these devices are designed to consume a significantly less amount of electricity when not in use.

Use power strips on office desks

A typical office has other smaller devices that are often kept plugged in electrical sockets. Examples of these devices include fax machines, printers, scanners, labelers, and the like. To conserve electricity, it would be good to utilize a power strip. Plug all those smaller devices into the outlets of the power strip.

Right before you leave the office, simply turn the power strip switch off, and the electricity supply shall be instantly terminated on all those devices. This may seem like a small effort but when you have multiple office hubs in your business, the cost savings can translate to a much better bottom line for your company.

There are more ways to conserve energy expenses in the office. The suggestions above are the most practical tips you can immediately implement in your current office setup so you can be well on your way to improving your profits by keeping your electricity expenses down.

 

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We all know how important it is to conserve electricity. Finding ways to do this helps us hit two birds with one stone. If we save on electric consumption, we not only lessen our expenses but also preserve planet Earth. Below are some ways we can save electricity in the home.

Maximize the use of natural lighting

The windows in your home are there for a reason. It’s about time to put them to good use by moving those heavy curtains to allow some sunshine in the room. Whenever possible, we should raise those blinds instead of turning those light switches especially when the sun is up. We will not only save on electricity bills but also uplift the mood.

Studies have shown that a brighter room can contribute positively to a person’s moods. If at all possible, re-organize your work space in such a way that natural lighting cascades to the area that is often used for daily activities.

Upgrade your light bulbs

If you still use incandescent bulbs in your home for lighting, seriously consider upgrading to more efficient and energy-saving alternatives such as LED bulbs. These days, LED bulbs are very affordable and provide you with longer usable life.

Studies have estimated electric consumption savings of up to 80% when a household switches from incandescent to LED lighting. Upgrading all your home lighting to LED may cost a significant amount. What you can do is to work towards that goal one room at a time. For instance, you can change all bedroom lights for this month and then living and dining room lights in the following month. This way, you can still work within your monthly household budget.

Turn off the lights when not needed

We live in an age of multitasking, which has greatly affected our attention, focus, and awareness. A straightforward but effective tip to conserve electricity is just to be more conscious and mindful of the number of powered lights that are switched on at any given moment. If you can switch some of those lights off without greatly affecting good lighting in the room, make an effort to do so. Simple habits such as turning off lights in a room when you leave it can add up to significant cost savings in the long run.

Unplug appliances when not in use

When appliances stay plugged, they continue to use electricity even if they are switched off. For instance, a TV that remains plugged into an electrical source continues to consume energy long after that last episode you viewed the night before. If you run an inventory of the number of appliances you have which are glued to those electrical sockets, you may be in for a surprise.

A great tip for appliances and gadgets that are located in one area is to use a power strip. By just a flip of a switch, you can cut electrical supply in an instant, instead of tediously unplugging all those devices one by one.

The list above may comprise very basic tips to save on electricity, but all are guaranteed to bring energy and money savings when followed diligently. Why wait? Save electricity today and save the world!

 

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Electricity has driven the growth of the 20th century. We continue to harness its wonders up to this day. Looking around, we can see more facilities being built to meet current high demands. Electricity truly ignites development.

But has it reached its peak? Let’s find out the latest buzz in the arena of voltages and energy consumption.

  1. The wind has gotten stronger

Eco-warriors, rejoice! For the wind is blowing stronger globally. Recent data suggest that wind power market across the planet has grown massively. The growth has been fueled by collaborations between national governments and private entities.

Perhaps the most notable effect of this growth lies in the fact that it decreases the need to use coal. Less carbon imprint means a greener environment. The wind as a renewable source of energy significantly improves power security as well. Energy providers are innovating methods to level up the process of wind energy using advanced composite materials. So the next time you light up a bulb, thank the wind.

  1. Nanogenerators: The next big thing

Electrical engineers are always on the lookout for brand new procedures to push energy efficiency as high as possible. An emerging trend they are introducing is to go small to accumulate big outputs. How can this happen? Yes, thanks to nanotechnology.

The science of manipulating things down to its smallest components (atoms and molecules) has given researchers an opportunity to acquire energy sans the use of heavy and massive machinery. In electrical engineering, nano tech gave birth to nano generators.

Nano generators are tiny instruments that use piezoelectric materials. Too scientific? Don’t fret. This simply means that the said materials are able to generate electricity through bending or stretching. Just imagine your toothbrush bristles being bent by the gushing water. Nano generators are often used at hydro power stations to harness energy from the movement of water in dams and reservoirs. Getting wet has never been this good.

  1. Smarter Electrical Grids

    

An electric grid is a massive network of power sources that supply a specific geographic area. There are grids connected to other areas for back-up during emergency situations. You might have seen one as power grids are located in strategic areas of a metropolis. Besides, “Danger – High Voltage” signs are too dangerous to be ignored.

High demand for electricity has made electric grids more complex. Thus, smarter kinds are needed to deliver more efficient power services. Smart grids are described as those capable of seamless communication across different channels. If a component fails, a reflex collateral supply must be activated so power distribution will not be disrupted.

New raw materials have also made grids to be more cost-effective. The discovery of photo voltaic cells, which are highly resistant to damage, produce more affordable electric currents. Lesser maintenance cost means more money for your groceries!

The Bottom line

The challenge for us consumers is to be more pro-active in searching for safe methods for generations to come. Conserve. Use electricity only when needed.

 

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Basically, what does an electrician do?  As the name denotes, electricians work with electricity.  They are tradesmen or skilled worker whose job is to install, maintain and repair electrical wiring and systems. They set up the electrical wiring and connections in buildings and homes to provide power for the needs of the consumers.

We employ their services when we need to install and maintain the electrical wiring within, around, and outside of our working areas and abodes.  A new building or new house cannot be occupied if there is no electrical system installed.

To learn and appreciate more the work of an Electrician, let us discuss the four different types of Electricians and what their job entails.

Outside Lineman or Wire man

The Outside Lineman handles the electrical line systems outside of buildings and residential houses.  They ensure that power and energy from the utility companies are brought unhampered to the consumers.  These are the people that we usually see on top of electric poles on the streets or laying cable lines under the roads.

Inside Electrician or Wire man

The Inside Wireman, on the other hand, ensures that the electrical installed by the Outside lineman are equally distributed in the buildings or houses.  Compared to Outside linemen, an Inside lineman work more on low voltages.

Residential Electrician or Wire man

Likewise, the Residential Wire man performs the same tasks as that of an Inside Wire man on a micro level.  He installs outlets for lighting, air-conditioning, heating and ventilation systems inside a building or a dwelling and can advise on where the circuit breakers can be installed.

Both the inside Wire man and Residential Wire man follows a schematic plan duly approved by a licensed Electrical Engineer.  Their inputs in the planning of the electrical system of a building or homes are considered valuable.  They ensure that the system is compliant with the building codes of the city or municipality.

Telecommunications Electrician

A Telecommunication Electrician is in charge of connecting and wiring of the communication system within a building or a home.  Specifically, he configures the telephones, intercoms, and computers, so they work properly.  

All four types of Electricians have intertwining functions yet specialized skills.  Engineers can be Electricians, but there are also Electricians who acquired their skills and knowledge through 2-3 years apprenticeship programs offered by universities and colleges.  Now that we have cable televisions, fiber optic communications and high technology, and fire detection and surveillance and security alarm systems, there is an emerging demand for Electricians to upgrade their skills and knowledge.  

There are three (3) types of Electrical certifications that one can avail

  • Apprentice License – The electrician, works under the supervision of a Journeyman
  • Journeyman License – The electrician can work without supervision and works with more complex projects
  • Master Electrician License – The most qualified of the three.   He can work without supervision and have previously worked under the tutelage of a Master Electrician.

There is no question that electricians are valuable for the development of a city or municipality.

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An electrician installs, repairs, and maintains electrical power, lighting, communications, and control systems in factories, businesses, and homes.

Responsibilities of an Electrician

  • Reads technical diagrams or blueprints
  • Installs and maintains control, wiring, and lighting systems
  • Inspects electrical parts like circuit breakers and transformers
  • Determines electrical problems using different testing devices
  • Replaces or repairs equipment, fixtures, or wiring using power and hand tools
  • Adheres to local and state building regulations
  • Oversees and trains workers to repair, install, and maintain electrical equipment or wiring

Work Setting for an Electrician

65% of electricians become wiring installation and electrical contractors while 8% become self-employed. Another 8% of electricians work in the manufacturing sector, and another 4% become government workers. Only 2% of them work in employment services.

An electrician can experience more injuries and illness, but many of them are not fatal. Common injuries include falls, electrical shocks, burns, and other injuries. An electrician must wear safety glasses and protective clothing to lessen the risks.

An electrician works full time, and may even render overtime in the evenings and on weekends. His schedule may vary, depending on the weather. A self-employed electrician, however, can set his own schedule because he works in residential construction.

How to Be an Electrician

A person must be an apprentice to learn. However, some people attend a technical school. Also, almost all states require that electricians become licensed.

If you want to be an electrician, you need to be a high school graduate. You can attend a technical school that offers programs associated with basic electrical concepts, safety practices, and circuitry. Then, you undergo 4 to 5 years of apprenticeship, where you received classroom instruction and paid on-the-job training for 2,000 hours each year. After the apprenticeship program, you must pass the exams to become a full-fledged electrician.

Characteristics of an Electrician

  • Exceptional communication skills
  • Ability to determine wires by color
  • Perform critical thinking in diagnosing problems
  • Excellent physical stamina and strength
  • Incomparable troubleshooting skills

Job Outlook and Prospects for an Electrician

The need for electricians grows consistently over the years. As construction and demand for other sources of energy grow, the demand for electricians also increases. The emerging need for solar and wind power requires electricians for installation. Also, there is a need to link these power sources to power grids and homes. Thus, the future for electricians is bright.

Electricians have more job opportunities because they can repair electronic systems, industrial wire components, and install solar photo voltaic systems. The need for electricians fluctuates, depending on the state of the overall economy. If building construction and maintenance flourish, electricians become in demand. But, they may become unemployed if the construction and maintenance sectors cease to grow.

In terms of advancement opportunities, you can be promoted to a supervisory position. If you are in the construction industry, you can be a project manager. You may also decide to become a self-employed contractor. If you work for the government, you can advance to become an electrical inspector.

 

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The task might seem dull and dreary at first, however, considering heating and lighting details are something businesses should consider important. The business establishment will benefit from its uses after all and if employed frugally and adequately, will save the company money regarding energy use. Business owners need to deal with business electricity suppliers over this.

These electricity suppliers are companies that provide the service and maintenance of its connections. They are also responsible for repairing connection damage and giving provisions for it. It is crucial for business owners to acquire the services of a reputable business electric supplier. They are an essential partner for managing excellent businesses.

What They Do

Business electricity suppliers are seasoned when it comes to tackling businesses who require energy usage that is quite different from residential homes. These people are experts, and they can comprehend a business’ exact requirements. They can also provide advice and instructions for companies on how to repair their energy usage at a level that is considered efficient. They know how to optimize space and resources to reduce costs without sacrificing performance.

These can also assist businesses to examine large energy deals and check which among those deals will be better for the company. If companies shift to a supplier that has cost-effective deals, it will help companies save money annually.

For example, if the electricity supplier presents a package that includes both electricity and gas with a growing cost as the company progresses its consumption of either or both energy source, it might appear to be a practical deal. For businesses with a kitchen like restaurants or bars, this might be preferable. The business might have a similar use of electricity and gas in general if the kitchen is equipped with gas.

If the business operates using electricity and only makes use of gas to warm water, it is doubtful that this package will be practical for such a setup. The same can be said about businesses which consume larger amounts of electricity. The cost might seem reasonable. However, this really means the owner is paying for a supply he or she do not really need. Thus, it is ideal to examine options first with a consultant before settling on a business electric package.

Business electric suppliers who operate as some sort of connection between providers and businesses might even offer deals that businesses cannot acquire due to the specific agreement with the companies. The role of the electricity supplier must not be overlooked—outside opinions can also help you see clearly and allow you to check out details that you cannot see at first since you are not really aware of the situation. However, due to the convincing abilities of business electricity suppliers, asking for a consultation is worth the time and effort. It will help make your business run smoothly and in time, allow the company to save on utility bills.

In these times, the need to save on energy consumption is considered a good decision for all companies. Electricity rates are rising so businesses should opt for energy-efficient practices to help them cut back on utility bills and focus on other important projects.

 

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Have you ever imagined life without electricity? In rural areas and third world countries, people have learned to live without or with little. In urban areas, however, this could be considered chaotic. We simply need electricity.

Electricity is the flow of charges which stimulates power to supply to machines and motors. A source of energy runs every mechanical object. It is a necessity to our way of living. It is essential because it not only powers our appliances, it also breathes life to our vehicles, homes, schools, offices and other public and private buildings like hospitals.

Given technology and innovation, different forms of energy are developed and discovered daily. However, let’s cover the most accessible and most common ones in this article.

  1. Static Electricity

This is one of the things we learn in our elementary days. Have you ever seen a person with their hair rising whenever they rub a balloon on their head? I bet you have seen that many times in a science museum. You see, objects have atoms. Inside the atoms are different charges, namely: protons, electrons, and neurons.  Rubbing a balloon on your hair creates opposite charges which then leads to imbalance and results in static electricity, this makes your hair rise.

  1. Current Electricity

While static electricity is an imbalance of charges, Current electricity is the consistent flow of electrons in a circuit. And when you have this flow, it creates the electricity we use to power homes and for other commercial use.

  1. Solar Electricity

From the Latin word “Solaris,” which means the sun. This type of electricity is connected to the biggest natural source of light. This is the best source of electricity, and it is likewise the most cost-effective form of energy.

In Solar Electricity, we use something called solar panels. These are used to convert sunlight into electricity which powers multiple machines. We often see these large panels on top of solar-powered houses to maximize the collection of sunlight.   

  1. Hydro Electricity

Hydro means water. To put it simply, a dam is connected to a turbine. A turbine is connected to a generator, and a generator is connected to power lines which give electricity to our homes and businesses. What happens is, there is a flow of water from the dam to the turbine, the water then makes the blades of turbine rotate.  An electric field is created in the generator which converts into electricity.

So you see, electricity is a great medium which improves the quality of our lives. It helps us to live comfortably. It powers technology which makes things easier. So it shouldn’t be a problem for us to give our best efforts to conserve energy.

Take small steps, like closing appliances when they are not in use, or using natural light when reading books. It is our duty and our responsibility to take care of our electrical resources, because if we don’t, what would become of us and the world we live in?

 

 

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In building and house constructions, it is important to have a good electrical plan.  Professional electrical engineers ensure that the electrical system is sound and Eco-friendly.  Electricity is used for lighting, heating, air conditioning, and communication devices like telephones and computer, among others. 

Local utility companies or power plants provide current to transformers which then travels to different establishments to supply their needs.   Because it has passed many channels, the electricity that arrives in the homes and buildings are weakened.  To remedy this, many have standby generators as alternatives.

Here’s a list of the basic considerations for a sound electrical system

  1. What is ideal: 220V or 110V?

For modern homes, the voltage needed is 220 which means that the power transmitted is twice that of a 110V.  The higher the voltage, the thicker the copper wire is needed.  The issue here is more about economics. 

A rich country like the USA can afford to install a safer electrical system that uses thick and bigger copper cables to produce 110V compared to developing and poorer countries whose best option is to use thinner, lighter, and smaller copper wires to produce 220 voltage.

  1. Why do we need a fuse and circuit breaker?

When there is a power overload, electrical equipment will be likely destroyed.  Sometimes, these overloads can cause fires and shortages.   The fuse and service breaker protect an overloaded electrical circuit.  It stops the flow of electricity from the source to the equipment. Both the fuse and circuit breaker are found inside a panel and usually mounted in a wall.

  1. What is the main panel and where should it be placed?

The main panel is also known as the panel board that can contain up to six circuit breakers.  This is where electricity enters from the service utility. This is the main distribution system for all electrical circuits. The main breaker is placed on the panel that can easily shut off power to all the circuits.  It is placed strategically near the power utility’s meter. In case of power surges, it automatically turns power offs.

  1. What other electric devices are found in our homes or offices?

Grounded Outlets

Before, outlets are two-pronged. Now, it is common to have three-pronged outlets.  The third prong has a grounding wire that protects against electric currents escaping the circuit, causing unwanted and dangerous shocks.

Electric Meters

An electric meter is a device provided by the utility company to measure how much power is used for a particular period.  The unit of measurement used by the electric meter is kilowatt-hour which is equal to the amount of energy used by a load of one kilowatt for a one hour period.

Electrical Boxes

Electrical boxes connect the wiring system.  It can be an outlet, a switch or a junction box.  It is important to select the right boxes based on the building codes to make sure that the homes and buildings are safe and secure.

Everywhere we are, electricity is needed and used. Though we may not be familiar with it, all these elements power our homes and make our lives easier.

 

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States require that a person passes the licensing exam before he can work as an apprentice or electrician. The exams test his knowledge of the electrical codes, and the processes needed in residential and commercial settings. Licenses vary, depending on the state. More often than not, they include a journeyman’s license, residential electrician, maintenance electrician, and master electrician licenses.

If you are planning on becoming an electrician, ensure that you check the state’s requirements for every license, so you process your application smoothly.

Steps in Applying for an Electrician License

  1. Finish the training in electrical repair and maintenance in a trade or vocational school. You can also accomplish an apprenticeship program with a licensed electrician. Majority of the states require that you either finish the training or apprenticeship before you can take the exams.
  2. The apprenticeship program usually takes four years to finish because you need to attend classes and hands-on training. It requires at least 2,000 hours of training per year and 144 hours of classroom instruction. But, you may start working after completing one year of the program. Usually, you work under close supervision by a journeyman electrician.
  3. Check with your state’s regulation and licensing office for its requirements in applying for a license. Ask for an application form. You need to complete it and pay the testing fees.
  4. Prepare for the exams by reading the National Electrical Code. You can take the practice tests provided by the state’s licensing office, if available. Some websites also offer practice tests for a fee.
  5. Take the exam at the scheduled time and place. Submit the required documents like testing confirmation letter and ID.

Kinds of Electricians

Residential Electrical Installers

These are the most common kind of electricians. They work on electrical jobs around the house. Tasks can vary from simple installation of lights to complete electrical wiring around the home.

Commercial Installation Electricians

These electricians focus on the installation of fire, power, and security protections.

Maintenance Electricians

Electricians who work on maintenance issues ensure that electrical systems work properly and safely. They fix machinery in factories or maintain the utility electronics in structures like buildings.

Panel Builders

These people are electricians who establish and manage electrical control panels like the HVAC equipment.

Highway Systems Electrician

A highway systems electrician has special training in the construction and maintenance of road system electronics. He is responsible for the installation of traffic and street lights.

Kinds of Electrical Certifications

Apprentice License

Majority of the states require a high school diploma to become an apprentice. After obtaining the license, you can apply for apprentice work under the supervision of a journeyman electrician.

Journeyman License

You become a journeyman electrician after completing formal classes and apprenticeship for two years. Some states require that you complete the required working hours under supervision.

Master Electrician

You can become a master electrician after obtaining your journeyman license and working with a master electrician for a fixed period. Then, you need to pass the state license exam for master electricians.

 

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